You can wire your car stereo with as little effort as possible! The basic thing required to make it possible is simply a wiring harness.
A wiring harness is a great help for connecting the stereo with the simple plug-and-play method. But what if you don’t have a wiring harness available at the given moment? Well, don’t worry. There is no problem if you can’t get your hands on a factory harness.
If you want to learn how to install a car stereo without the help of any harness – you have landed in the right place.
Even though everyone admits that a wiring harness might be the best tool available on hand for such jobs, you can still help yourself without it. Well! Your ultimate goal is to successfully wire your stereo without damaging any vital wire.
How To Wire A Car Stereo Without Harness?
Do you find it difficult to wire your stereo without a harness?
You are not alone!
This problem occurs in the life of many people. Not only this, some people actually end up damaging their wiring harness while trying to replace an older unit. You don’t have to worry anymore. This article will help you in the process. This article serves as a word-to-word guide for you. You have to do as stated in the article to install a stereo in your car.
More importantly, if you do not have a harness to help you out in this situation, the article can serve you best.
We get that it could get a little difficult to try such a thing on your own. But at the time when you get an understanding of the process with the help of this article, you will be up and working in no time.
What Should You Need To Know About The Wires?
A radio player in your car used to play music while you enjoy your ride is called the stereo in technical terms. It is connected internally to an automobile.
Suppose we talk about stereos in general. They can either be of one radio unit or more. You can find them being mounted in the car occasionally.
Before you move on to installing a stereo system, you should understand the purpose and functioning if you are doing it without a wiring harness. The car stereos function differently with respect to the type of cables attached to them. You should understand the difference between Speaker wire and Electrical wire.
You can find the harness adapter in different colors. These colors are an indication of their functions.
The main use of power lines is to power up your car stereo. Wires in the colors red, yellow, and black are included. The yellow cable maintains the battery’s stability and provides steady power.
If the black wire, commonly known as the ground line, is missing from your automobile radio/ audio, it will not work. The red wine is the most crucial because it is used to turn on and off the radio.
The Antenna Wires:
You will find a blue-colored wire in yours. The development of connections is made possible with the help of these wires. This wire is used to control the signals being received or sent by the stereo. You can also name this blue wire the “amp turns on the wire.”
Blue wire and blue wire with white stripes are two different types of cable/wire. Only AM and FM frequencies are carried on the blue cable.
However, the blue wire with white stripes links to more than just the two frequencies; it also connects to CDs, Bluetooth, and media on your system.
For the brightness, you will find orange cables. These two orange cables attached to your stereo are supposed to control the brightness of your radio, as it can be understood.
Two wires mean one is meant to increase the brightness, and the other is to decrease it.
Hence, if you are buying a new stereo, make sure you find these orange wires.
To sum up the speaker part, there are multiple colors that indicate different sides of a speaker. They often come in pairs. This is why it gets easier to differentiate them and identify their purposes.
Simply put, the one with stripes indicates negative, and the positive ones are plain. Negative wires with stripes and positive ones are plain.
- White ones: Front left speakers
- Gray ones: Front right speakers
- Green ones: Rear left speakers
- Purple ones: Rear right speakers
Now that you’ve learned the safe wiring method harness. It is the right time to go through how to do it without a harness.
Explore The Basic Wiring Harness:
The harnesses are a tool that makes the process easy for you. They establish connections for the power and the speaker wires. Not only this, but they are able to hold a connection for the new stereos as well as the illumination wires.
Use the wiring diagram for the automobile stereo harness. You can match these cables with the wiring harness of the stereo.
Now you are supposed to plug the other end into the electrical connection present in your car. The trick to installing a new stereo without harming your vehicle’s electronics, especially in current automobiles, is to use the factory stereo plug wire connector, which we’ll go through below.
Car Stereo Wires Color Code:
Suppose we talk about the wiring of your harness system. It is broken down into eight essential colors. These colors indicate separate functions. This is why you are required to pay close attention while connecting these wires to the speakers.
Gray Color Wire:
This wire is connected to the front speaker on the right. You are supposed to connect this wire to the positive terminal. This colored wire is an indication of a positive terminal. Whereas if it comes with stripes in the black color, you should connect it to the negative terminal.
White Color Wire:
The front left speaker is connected with the white wire. This also connects with the positive terminal. However, if this has black stripes on it, you connect it with the negative one.
Purple Color Wire:
The right rear speaker is to be connected with a purple wire. Always remember to connect a plain wire that shows a connection with a positive terminal. And stripes show vice versa.
Green Color Wire:
The left rear speakers are connected with the help of a green wire. Simply plain goes with the positive terminal, and the stripes black indicates it is connected to the negative terminal.
Your next major step is the stripping of insulation.
This process is to be done to make sure that you are able to make contact with the metal inside it. It is suggested that you strip about half an inch of the insulation. However, in case you are using spade conductors, we recommend you strip a little more than that.
What Tools And Techniques Do You Need For This Job?
A radio harness could be crucial in the installation of your radio. It will save you time in figuring out what each wire does and will make testing the system easier.
What if you somehow bought a stereo that didn’t come with a harness?
All you need is a couple of tools, and you are good to go! We hope that you might already have them in your toolbox. We have only listed general-purpose tools. So that you are able to handle the situation without any worries, let’s say a drill and some screws are available on hand for all people.
- Small Bundle of Zip Ties
- Wire strippers
- handheld crimping tool
- crimp caps (holds the wires together)
- Tessa Tape
Steps To Wire A Car Stereo Without A Harness:
Since the role of cables in the stereo system is now clear to you. You can now target the process. You are supposed to follow the steps stated below. These would help you hook your car stereo without needing a harness.
Step 1: Do The Proper Research
We advise you to go through the research before actually starting installing a stereo system. For starters, try to get some knowledge about the type of stereo system you already have installed. Have you installed a premium amplifier-supported audio system? We understand that you might like some of the features that exist in your current stereo.
Talk about most of the cases. The factory stereos easily function with Bluetooth, aux, and USB type input. However, if you have planned to change this set of features, it is good news for you!
You can keep the factory features provided to you. For instance, the steering wheels control or the amplifiers. They keep these features by using data modules on the harness. However, not having harnesses like these can make it harder.
Step 2: Identifying Your Wires
With the help of the multimeter. As well as the wiring diagram, you can now locate your dedicated wires. Once you have a wire on hand. Make sure that you verify it with the diagram. The main connections that you need to establish are:
- Ground Wire
- Your speaker wires
- Power wire
Step 3: Making your connections
One of the funny parts is when you get to establish the connections. Just keep a wiring diagram close to yourself while performing the task. This helps you make sure that all your new radio connections are being verified with the factory harness.
We have stated some wires below that are going to be of great help to you. You can easily find them in your aftermarket harness. You simply need to match them with your factory harness. And boom! You are gone.
After you’ve verified power, ground, and wire with your multimeter, you may start making connections with your wiring diagram. Make sure that you match the wiring of your car with the harness that came along with the stereo.
Make sure you cut each wire one at a time. After all of the wires have been cut, peel them back approximately a half-inch and begin making your connections one at a time with your crimping tools and crimping caps.
- Yellow: You should use it with a constant 12 volt.
- Red: It helps with the switched power source. This power source technically receives the power only when your key is turned to the accessory position.
- Black: It is dedicated to the negative ground of your vehicle. It is nothing to be worried about; this seems to be a common issue.
- Blue: An amplified or powered antenna requires a longer antenna lead. In case you are able to grasp this information from the wiring diagram presented to you. In another case, your am/FM signal can turn out to be poor in quality.
- Blue and white: The amplifier is turned on when you see it. Suppose you think that you can combine the amplifier with the new stereo. You can utilize it to switch it on. This process can be simple if your amplifier does not consist of a low-level input.
- Purple and Purple with Black: are to be connected with the rear right of the speakers. While the right rear speaker (+) is plain purple, the right rear amplifier with black is purple with black (-).
- Rear right speaker (+) and Rear right speaker with black: This is a combo of the rear right speaker (+) and rear right speaker with black (-).
- Gray and Gray with Black: This is a mix of the Right frontal speaker (+) and Right frontal speaker (-). (-).
- White and White with Black: This is a mix of front left speaker (+), and Front left speaker (-). (-).
Installing a new car radio is a terrific way to give your old daily driver a new lease on life. Adding a CD player or MP3-compatible radio to your car can allow you to listen to new music while also boosting the audio quality of your car’s sound system.
It’s vital to approach the installation with patience because it can be intimidating. Because every car and radio type is a little different, you should conduct studies on your unique vehicle before starting up.
Each kind of vehicle comes with a different wiring story itself. This is where at times, you are saved with the help of a harness. That helps you establish the connection. But what about the other times? – When you don’t have a harness available on hand.